America's Civil War
History 393
Tables
Professor John C. Willis
 
Distribution of Slaveholders by Size of Holdings, 1860 *
 
 
 
TOTAL SLAVEHOLDERS
OWNERS OF 1-4 SLAVES
OWNERS OF 5-19 SLAVES
OWNERS OF 20-49 SLAVES
OWNERS OF 50-99 SLAVES
OWNERS OF 100-499 SLAVES
OWNERS OF 500+ SLAVES
ALABAMA
33,730
14,404 (42.7%)
13,295 (39.4%)
4,344 (12.9%)
1,341 (4.0%)
346 (1.0%)
-
ARKANSAS
1,149
   659  (57.4%)
   424   (36.9%)
       56 (4.9%)
10 (0.9%)
-
-
FLORIDA
5,152
2,233 (43.3%)
2,111 (41.0%)
       603  (11.7%)
158 (3.1%)
47 (0.9%)
-
GEORGIA
41,084
17,534 (42.7%)
17,187 (41.8%)
5,049 (12.3%)
1,102 (2.7%)
211 (0.5%)
LOUISIANA
22,033
10,235 (46.5%)
7,873 (35.7%)
2,349 (10.7%)
1,029 (4.7%)
543 (2.5%)
MISSISSIPPI
30,943
12,689 (41.0%)
12,359 (39.9%)
4,220 13.6(%)
1,359 (4.4%)
315 (1.0%)
NORTH CAROLINA
34,658
16,071 (46.4%)
14,522 (41.9%)
  3,321 (9.6%)
611 (1.8%)
133 (0.4%)
-
SOUTH CAROLINA
26,701
10,017 (37.5%)
11,392 (42.7%)
3,646 (13.7%)
1,197 (4.5%)
441 (1.7%)
TENNESSEE
36,844
19,179 (52.1%)
14,553 (39.5%)
  2,550 (6.9%)
335 (0.9%)
47 (0.1%)
-
TEXAS
21,878
11,342 (51.8%)
8,373 (38.3%)
  1,827 (8.4%)
282 (1.3%)
54 (0.2%)
-
VIRGINIA
52,128
25,355 (48.6%)
20,996 (40.3%)
  4,917 (9.4%)
746 (1.4%)
114 (0.2%)
-
TOTAL
306,300
139,718 (45.6%)
123,085 (40.2%)
32,882 (10.7%)
8,170 (2.7%)
2,251 (0.7%)
14 
 
* All percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth. 


SOURCE:  U.S. Census Office, Eighth Census [1860], Agriculture of the United States in 1860, Washington, D.C., 1864. 

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