America's Civil War
History 393
Tables
Professor John C. Willis
 
Date of Secession Compared To 1860 Black Population
 
 
DATE OF SECESSION
SLAVES
FREE BLACKS *
TOTAL BLACKS
PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL POPULATION ^
SOUTH CAROLINA
Dec. 20, 1860
57.2%
1.4%
58.6%
MISSISSIPPI
Jan.   9, 1861
55.2%
0.1%
55.3%
FLORIDA
Jan. 10, 1861
44.0%
0.7%
44.6%
ALABAMA
Jan. 11, 1861
45.1%
0.3%
45.4%
GEORGIA
Jan. 19, 1861
43.7%
0.3%
44.0%
LOUISIANA
Jan. 26, 1861
46.9%
2.6%
49.5%
AGGREGATE POPULATIONS OF THE FIRST SIX STATES TO SECEDE +
48.8%
0.8%
49.6%
TEXAS
Feb.   1, 1861
30.2%
0.1%
30.3%
VIRGINIA
Apr. 17, 1861
30.8%
3.6%
34.4%
ARKANSAS
May   6, 1861
25.5%
0.1%
25.6%
TENNESSEE
May   7, 1861
24.9%
0.7%
25.5%
NORTH CAROLINA
May 11, 1861
33.4%
3.1%
36.5%
AGGREGATE POPULATIONS OF THE LAST FIVE STATES TO SECEDE +
29.4%
2.0%
31.4%
KENTUCKY
 
19.5%
0.9%
20.4%
MARYLAND
 
12.7%
12.2%
24.9%
DELAWARE
 
1.6%
17.7%
19.3%
MISSOURI
 
9.7%
0.3%
10.0%
AGGREGATE POPULATIONS OF THE NONSECEDING SLAVE STATES +
13.7%
3.8%
17.5%
 
 
* Includes all free persons of African descent 
Calculated from the aggregate black populations of each state, not the sum of individual percentages. 
^ All percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth. 
+ Calculated from the aggregate black populations of each state, not the sum of individual percentages. 


SOURCE:  U.S. Census Office, Eigth Census [1860], Population, Washington, D.C., 1864. 

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