America's Civil War
History 393
Tables
Professor John C. Willis
 
1860 Population Distribution of the the Eleven Future Confederate States *
 
 
 
WHITE
SLAVE
FREE BLACK **
TOTAL
ALABAMA
526,271 (54.6%) 
435,080 (45.1%)
2,690 (0.3%)
964,041
ARKANSAS
324,143 (74.4%)
111,115 (25.5%)
144 (0.1%)
435,402
FLORIDA
77,747 (55.4%)
61,745 (44.0%)
932 (0.7%)
140,424
GEORGIA
591,550 (56.0%)
462,198 (43.7%)
3,500 (0.3%)
1,057,248
LOUISIANA
357,456 (50.5%)
331,726 (46.9%)
18,647 (2.6%)
707, 829
MISSISSIPPI
353,899 (44.7%)
436,631 (55.2%)
773 (0.1%)
791,303
NORTH CAROLINA
629,942 (63.5%)
331,059 (33.4%)
30,463 (3.1%)
991,464
SOUTH CAROLINA
291,300 (41.4%)
402,406 (57.2%)
9,914 (1.4%)
703,620
TENNESSEE
826,722 (74.5%)
275,719 (24.9%)
7,300 (0.7%)
1,109,741
TEXAS
420,891 (69.7%)
182,566 (30.2%)
355 (0.1%)
603,812
VIRGINIA
1,047,299 (65.6%)
490,865 (30.8%)
58,042 (3.6%)
1,596,206
TOTAL
5,447,220 (59.9%)
3,521,110 (38.7%)
132,760 (1.5%)
9,101,090
 
*   All percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth. 
** Includes all free persons of African descent. 


SOURCE:  U.S. Census Office, Eigth Census [1860], Population, Washington, D.C., 1864. 

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