Appendix F: Potentially Incompatible Wastes

Many hazardous wastes, when mixed with other wastes or materials at a hazardous waste facility, can produce effects that are harmful to human health and the environment, such as (1) heat or pressure, (2) fire or explosion, (3) violent reaction, (4) toxic dusts, (5) flammable fumes or gases. Below are examples of potentially incompatible wastes, waste components, and materials, along with the harmful consequences which result from mixing materials in one group with materials in another group. This list is not intended to be exhaustive. The mixing of a Group A material with a Group B material may have the potential consequence as noted.

Group 1-AGroup 1-B
Acetylene sludgeAcid sludge
Alkaline caustic liquidAcid and water
Alkaline cleanerBattery acid
Alkaline corrosive liquidChemical cleaners
Alkaline corrosive battery fluidElectrolyte, acid
Caustic waste water Etching acid liquid or solvent
Lime sludge and other corrosive alkalisPickling liquor and corrosive acids
Lime waste waterSpent acid
Lime and waterSpent mixed acid
Spent causticSpent sulfuric acid

Potential Consequences: Heat generation; violent reaction.


Group 2-A Group 2-B
AluminumAny waste in Group 1-A or 1-B
Beryllium
Calcium
Lithium
Magnesium
Potassium
Sodium
Zinc Powder
Other reactive metals and metal hydrides

Potential consequences: Fire or explosion; generation of flammable hydrogen gas.


Group 3-A Group 3-B
AlcoholsAny concentrated waste in group 1-A or 1-B
WaterCalcium
Lithium
Metal hydrides
Potassium
SO2Cl2, SOCl2
PCl3, CH3SiCl3
Other water reactive waste

Potential consequences: Fire, Explosion, or heat generation; generation of flammable or toxic gases.


Group 4-A Group 4-B
Alcohols Concentrated Group 1-A or 1-B wastes
AldehydesGroup 2-A wastes
Halogenated hydrocarbons
Nitrated hydrocarbons
Unsaturated hydrocarbons
Other reactive organic compounds and solvents

Potential consequences: Fire, explosion, or violent reaction.


Group 5-A Group 5-B
Spent cyanide and sulfide solutionsGroup 1-B wastes

Potential consequences: Generation of toxic hydrogen cyanide or hydrogen sulfide gas.


Group 6-A Group 6-B
ChloratesAcetic acid and other organic acids
ChlorineConcentrated mineral acids
Chlorites Group 2-A wastes
Chromic acid Group 4-A wastes
Hypochlorite Other flammable and combustible wastes
Nitrates
Nitric acid, fuming
Perchlorates
Permanganates
Peroxides
Other strong oxidizers

Potential consequences: Fire, explosion, or violent reaction.