Emergency first responders are affected by second-hand exposure to trauma: they put themselves at risk for developing debilitating posttraumatic stress symptoms in the aftermath of a traumatic crisis. Empirical research is reviewed for successful mental health services for civil servants, such as police officers, firemen, and emergency medical technicians recovering from traumatic stress or sustaining a healthy mental state. This review investigates successful mental health intervention for emergency service personnel, such as Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) and Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD), concluding CISD to be an effective intervention treatment among secondary victims of trauma. Effective traumatic stress prevention strategies are also reviewed. Appropriate prevention measures focus upon the role of peer-support officers in law enforcement, addressing stigma, emotional and stress management, and the importance of pre-incident training. [Journal abstract] 25 references.
Modern Psychological Studies: Journal of Undergraduate Research, published twice a year by the Department of Psychology at The University of Tennessee–Chattanooga, is devoted exclusively to publishing manuscripts by undergraduates … both empirical research and literature reviews. MPS is edited and reviewed by undergraduate students. Among the schools represented in the 9-article Fall 2010 issue are Union College, Marist College, University College–London, and Roosevelt University.
This paper was written as part of Dr. Bardi’s Seminar in Abnormal Psychology (Psyc 408), which Kathryn took as a writing-intensive course.
Cochran, K., & Bardi, C.A. (Fall 2010). Mental health intervention and prevention: Strategies for emergency service personnel facing traumatic stress symptoms. Modern Psychological Studies: Journal of Undergraduate Research, 16(1), 82-87.