Sarah C. Sherwood
Associate Professor, Co-Chair Department of Earth and Environmental Systems, University Archaeologist
B.S., James Madison University; M.A., Ph.D., University of Tennessee, Knoxville
RESEARCH & SCHOLARSHIP
I am an Anthropological Archaeologist with a specialty in Geoarchaeology. On the Southern Cumberland Plateau I am specifically interested in prehistoric land use change over time and site formation processes of sandstone rockshelters. My Sewanee students and I are working with colleagues from various institutions on the development of indigenous horticulture. Beyond the Plateau I study the geoarchaeology of prehistoric earthworks and mounds and how they were built. In the Midsouth, I am particularly interested in Middle Woodland and monumental architecture. In Eastern Europe I primarily work in Romania and Serbia on “urban” tells where Neolithic and later Bronze Age people congregated. My focus there is on stratigraphy and the anthropogenic sediments that reveal daily activities and spatial organization, primarily using soil/sediment micromorphology. All of this research is carried out in collaboration with my Sewanee students, regional graduate students, and my archaeology and geology colleagues.
As the University Archaeologist here at Sewanee I work with the Office of Domain Management to manage the cultural resources on the University’s 13,000 acres. We are committed to the study and protection of this rich and diverse archaeological record that includes rock art, caves, rockshelters and other interesting historic and prehistoric sites.
I teach ANTH 106: Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, ANTH 318: North American Archaeology, ANTH/ENST 350: Environmental Archaeology, ANTH/ENST 313: Method and Theory in Archaeology and a seminar in Archaeological Policy and Heritage Management (ENST 332). Every other summer we teach a 6-week Archaeological Field School (ANTH/ENST 357) through the Sewanee Environmental Institute.
Sherwood, S.C., J.D. Windingstad, A.W. Barker, J.M. O’Shea, W.C. Sherwood, 2013. Evidence for Holocene aeolian activity at the close of the Middle Bronze Age in the Eastern Carpathian Basin: Geoarchaeological Results from the Mures River Valley, Romania. Geoarchaeology: An International Journal. 28(2): 131-146. doi: 10.1002/gea.21434
Sherwood, S.C, J.H. Blitz, and L.E. Downs, 2013. An Integrated Geoarchaeology of a Late Woodland Sand Mound. American Antiquity 78(2): 344-358.
Sherwood, S.C. and T.R. Kidder, 2011. The DaVinci’s of Dirt: Geoarchaeological Perspectives on Native American Mound Building in the Mississippi River Basin. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. 30: 69-87. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2010.11.001
Sherwood, S.C., 2009. The Geoarchaeology of the Tennessee Valley: Methodological and Archaeological Milestones. Chapter in Seventy Five Years of TVA Archaeology. Edited by Erin Pritchard, pp. 111 – 132, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.
Gremillion, K. J., J. D. Windingstad, S.C. Sherwood, 2008. Forest Opening, Habitat Use, and Food Production on the Cumberland Plateau, Kentucky: Adaptive Flexibility in Marginal Settings. American Antiquity 73(3):387-411.http://www.jstor.org/stable/25470497
Windingstad, J. D., S.C. Sherwood, K.J. Gremillion, 2008. Soil Fertility and Slope Processes in the Western Cumberland Escarpment of Kentucky: Influences on the Development of Horticulture in the Eastern Woodlands. Journal of Archaeological Science 35(6):1717-1731. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.11.023
Sherwood, S.C., 2008. Increasing the Resolution of Cave Archaeology: Micromorphology and the Classification of Burned Deposits at Dust Cave. Chapter in Cave Archaeology in the Eastern Woodlands: Papers in Honor of Patty Jo Watson, edited by David Dye, pp.27-47, University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.
Goldberg, P. and S.C. Sherwood, 2006. Deciphering Human Prehistory through the Geoarchaeological Study of Cave Sediments. Evolutionary Anthropology 15:20-36. doi:10.1002/evan.20094
O'Shea, J.M., A., W. Barker, A. Nicodemus, S.C. Sherwood and A. Szentmiklosi, 2006. Archaeological Investigations at Pecica “Şanţul Mare”: The 2006 Campaign. Analele Banatului Series Noua Arheologie-Istorie IX (2006), Muzeul Banatului Timisoara.
Sherwood, S.C., B. Driskell, A. Randall, and S.C. Meeks, 2004. Chronology and Stratigraphy at Dust Cave, Alabama. American Antiquity. 69(3):533-554.
Sherwood, S.C., 2001. Microartifacts. Chapter in Earth Sciences and Archaeology, edited by P. Goldberg, V.T. Holliday, and C.R. Ferring. pp. 327-351. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
POSTED TECHNICAL REPORTS
Sherwood, S.C. 2011. A Geoarchaeological Perspective on the Construction of the Graveline Mound, Jackson County, Mississippi. Technical Report on file at the Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
Areas of ExpertiseGeoarchaeology