Edible or Medicinal Plants of the Domain

346 listed as either edible or medicinal
FLORA OF THE DOMAIN --  MAY 20, 2009 (903+ sp) icinal; 189 listed as edible 252 medicinal 189 edible 95 both
Sewanee Herbarium Preliminary Checklist of Vascular Plant Species  --  Jon Evans, Mary Priestley and Yoland Gottfried (Kkuers additions from previous lists - Sept 2009) Foster & Duke, Medicinal Plants Peterson; Edible Wild Plants 
Family Scientific Name Common Name Form Grp Source Source
Agavaceae Manfreda virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose Rose False Aloe Herb Monocot Medicinal   
Agavaceae Yucca filamentosa L. Adam's Needle Herb Monocot Medicinal edible
Alismataceae Alisma subcordatum Raf. American Water Plantain Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Alismataceae Sagittaria latifolia Willd. Broadleaf Arrowhead Herb Monocot Medicinal Edible
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus spinosus L. Spiny Amaranth Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Apiaceae Conium maculatum L. Poison Hemlock Herb Dicot Medicinal edible
Apiaceae Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC. Canadian Honewort Herb Dicot   Edible
Apiaceae Daucus carota L. Queen Anne's Lace Herb Dicot   Edible
Apiaceae Eryngium prostratum Nutt. ex DC. Creeping Eryngo Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Apiaceae Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. Button Eryngo Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Apiaceae Osmorhiza claytonii (Michx.) C.B. Clarke Clayton's Sweetroot Herb Dicot medicinal  
Apiaceae Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC. Longstyle Sweetroot Herb Dicot   Edible
Apiaceae Sanicula canadensis L. Canadian Blacksnakeroot Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Apiaceae Sanicula smallii Bickn. Small's Blacksnakeroot Herb Dicot medicnal  
Apiaceae Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch Golden Zizia Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Apocynaceae Apocynum cannabinum L. Indian Hemp Herb Dicot medicinal  
Araceae Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott Jack in the Pulpit Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Araliaceae Aralia racemosa L. American Spikenard Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Araliaceae Panax quinquefolius L. American Gingseng Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia macrophylla Lam. Pipe Vine Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia serpentaria L. Virgina Snakeroot Herb Dicot medicinal  
Aristolochiaceae Asarum canadense L. Canadian Wildginger Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Aristolochiaceae Hexastylis arifolia (Michx.) Small Littlebrownjug Herb Dicot   Edible
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq. Fourleaf Milkweed Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias syriaca L. Common Milkweed Herb Dicot medicinal edible 
Asclepiadaceae Asclepias tuberosa L. Butterfly Milkweed Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Asteraceae Achillea millefolium L. Common Yarrow Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Asteraceae Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. Annual Ragweed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Ambrosia trifida L. Great Ragweed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards. Plantain Leaf Pussytoes Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Antennaria solitaria Rydb. Singlehead Pussytoes Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Arctium minus Bernh. Lesser Burdock Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Asteraceae Artemisia vulgaris L. Common Wormwood Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Bidens bipinnata L. Spanish Needles Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Shinners False Boneset Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Cichorium intybus L. Chicory Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Asteraceae Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Bull Thistle Herb Dicot   edible
Asteraceae Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Canadian Horseweed Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. American Burnweed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Erigeron philadelphicus L. Philadelphia Fleabane Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Eupatorium perfoliatum L. Common Boneset Herb Dicot medicinal   
Asteraceae Eupatorium purpureum L. Sweetscented Joe-Pye Weed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Fleischmannia incarnata (Walt.) King & H.E. Robins. Pink Thoroughwort Herb Dicot medicinal   
Asteraceae Helenium flexuosum Raf. Purplehead Sneezeweed Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Helianthus eggertii Small Eggert's Sunflower Herb Dicot medicinal   
Asteraceae Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sweet Smooth Oxeye Herb Dicot medicinal edible      
Asteraceae Hieracium venosum L. Rattlesnakeweed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Lactuca canadensis L. Canada Lettuce Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Asteraceae Lactuca floridana (L.) Gaertn. Woodland Lettuce Herb Dicot   Edible
Asteraceae Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. Oxeye Daisy Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Packera obovata (Muhl. ex Willd.) W.A. Weber & A. Löve Roundlead Ragwort Herb Dicot medicinal   
Asteraceae Rudbeckia hirta L. Blakeyed Susan Herb Dicot medicinal  
Asteraceae Silphium brachiatum Gattinger Cumberland Rosinweed Herb Dicot   edible
Asteraceae Solidago canadensis L. Canada Goldenrod Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Asteraceae Solidago nemoralis Ait. Gray Goldenrod Herb Dicot   edible
Asteraceae Solidago odora Ait. Anisescented goldenrod Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Asteraceae Solidago rugosa P. Mill. ssp. aspera (Ait.) Cronq. Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod Herb Dicot   Edible
Asteraceae Sonchus asper (L.) Hill Spiny Snowthistle Herb Dicot   Edible
Asteraceae Tanacetum vulgare L. Common Tansy Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Asteraceae Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers Common Dandelion Herb Dicot Medicinal  edible
Asteraceae Vernonia flaccidifolia Small Tennesee Ironweed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Balsaminaceae Impatiens capensis Meerb. Spotted Touch-Me-Not Herb Dicot medicinal   
Balsaminaceae Impatiens pallida Nutt. Pale Touch-Me-Not Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Berberidaceae Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx. Blue Cohosh Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Berberidaceae Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers. Twinleaf Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Berberidaceae Podophyllum peltatum L. Mayapple Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Boraginaceae Cynoglossum virginianum L. Wild Comfrey Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Brassicaceae Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. Garden Yellowrocket Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Brassicaceae Brassica rapa L. Field Mustard Herb Dicot Medicinal edible 
Brassicaceae Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Shepherd's Purse Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Brassicaceae Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Wood Crinkleroot Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Brassicaceae Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. Pennsylvania Bittercress Herb Dicot   edible
Brassicaceae Lepidium virginicum L. Virginia Pepperweed Herb Dicot   edible
Brassicaceae Nasturtium officinale Ait. f. Water-Cress Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Cabombaceae Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel. Watershield Herb Dicot   Edible
Cactaceae Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Devil's Tounge Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Campanulaceae Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small American Bellflower Herb Dicot medicinal  
Campanulaceae Lobelia cardinalis L. Cardinal Flower Herb Dicot toxic, possibly medicinal  
Campanulaceae Lobelia inflata L. Indian-Tobacco Herb Dicot medicinal  
Campanulaceae Lobelia spicata Lam. Palespike Lobelia Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Caryophyllaceae Silene virginica L. Fire Pink Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Caryophyllaceae Stellaria media (L.) Vill. Common Chickweed Herb Dicot Medicinal  edible
Caryophyllaceae Stellaria pubera Michx. Star Chickweed Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium ambrosioides L. Mexican Tea Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Clusiaceae Hypericum densiflorum Pursh Bushy St. John's Wort Herb Dicot   Edible
Clusiaceae Hypericum nudiflorum Michx. ex Willd. Early St. John's wort Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Commelinaceae Commelina communis L. Asiatic Dayflower Herb Monocot Medicinal edible
Commelinaceae Commelina virginica L. Virgina Dayflower Herb Monocot   Edible
Commelinaceae Tradescantia ohiensis Raf. Bluejacket Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Convolvulaceae Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. Hedge False Bindweed Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea pandurata (L.) G.F.W. Mey. Man of the Earth Herb Dicot Medicinal edible
Crassulaceae Penthorum sedoides L. Ditch Stonecrop Herb Dicot Medicinal        
Cuscutaceae Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex J.A. Schultes Scaldweed Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Cyperaceae Carex festucacea Schkuhria ex Willd. Fuscue Sedge Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Cyperaceae Eleocharis tenuis (Willd.) J.A. Schultes var. verrucosa (Svens.) Svens. Slender Spikerush Herb Monocot   Edible
Cyperaceae Isolepis carinata Hook. & Arn. ex Torr. Keeled Sedge Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea villosa L. Wild Yam Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Euphorbiaceae Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small Spotted Sandmat Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia corollata L. Flowering Spurge Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia helioscopia L. Madwoman's Milk Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus caroliniensis Walt. Carolina Leaf-Flower Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Fabaceae Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. American Hogpeanut Herb Dicot   Edible
Fabaceae Apios americana Medik. Groundhut Herb Dicot   Edible
Fabaceae Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene Partridge Pea Herb Dicot   Edible
Fabaceae Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench Sensitive Partridge Pea Herb Dicot medicinal  
Fabaceae Desmodium nudiflorum (L.) DC. Nakedflower Ticktrefoil Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Fabaceae Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. Yellow Sweetclover Herb Dicot Medicial Edible
Fabaceae Securigera varia (L.) Lassen Purple Crownvetch Herb Dicot medicinal  
Fabaceae Tephrosia virginiana (L.) Pers. Virginia Tephrosia Herb Dicot medicinal  
Fabaceae Trifolium campestre Schreb. Field Clover Herb Dicot   Edible
Fabaceae Trifolium pratense L. Red Clover  Herb Dicot Medicinal edible
Fabaceae Trifolium repens L. White Clover Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Fumariaceae Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. Dutchman's breeches Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Gentianaceae Frasera caroliniensis Walt.   Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Geraniaceae Geranium maculatum L. Spotted crane's-bill Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Hydrophyllaceae Hydrophyllum canadense L. Blunt-leaf waterleaf Herb Dicot   Edible
Hydrophyllaceae Hydrophyllum macrophyllum Nutt. large-leaf waterleaf Herb Dicot   Edible
Iridaceae Iris cristata Ait. Dwarf Crested Iris Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Iridaceae Sisyrinchium albidum Raf. White Blue-Eyed Grass Herb Monocot medicinal  
Lamiaceae Blephilia ciliata (L.) Benth. Downy pagoda-plant Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Lamiaceae Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.   Herb Dicot   edible 
Lamiaceae Collinsonia canadensis L. Richweed Herb Dicot medicinal  
Lamiaceae Glechoma hederacea L. Gill-over-the-ground Herb Dicot   Edible
Lamiaceae Lycopus virginicus L. Virginia water horehound Herb Dicot medicinal  
Lamiaceae Mentha ×piperita L. (pro sp.)   Herb Dicot Medicinal - Leaves Ediible-tea (leaves)
Lamiaceae Monarda fistulosa L. Beebalm Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Lamiaceae Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt. Beefsteak plant Herb Dicot Medicinal   
Lamiaceae Pycnanthemum incanum (L.) Michx. Hoary mountianmint Herb Dicot   Edible
Lamiaceae Pycnanthemum muticum (Michx.) Pers.   Herb Dicot   Edible
Lamiaceae Salvia lyrata L. Lyre-leaf sage Herb Dicot medicinal  
Lamiaceae Scutellaria integrifolia L.   Herb Dicot medicinal   
Liliaceae Aletris farinosa L. White Colicroot Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Liliaceae Allium canadense L. Meadow Garlic Herb Monocot   Edible
Liliaceae Allium cernuum Roth Nodding Onion Herb Monocot Medicinal edible 
Liliaceae Allium tricoccum Ait. Ramp Herb Monocot Medicinal Edible
Liliaceae Allium vineale L. Wild Garlic Herb Monocot   edible 
Liliaceae Asparagus officinalis L. Garden Asparagus Herb Monocot Medicinal edible
Liliaceae Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray Fairywand Herb Monocot Medicinal        
Liliaceae Erythronium americanum Ker-Gawl. Dogtooth Violet Herb Monocot medicinal edible
Liliaceae Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Orange Daylily Herb Monocot Medicinal edible
Liliaceae Lilium canadense L. Canada Lily Herb Monocot medicinal   
Liliaceae Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link Feathery False Lily of the Valley Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Liliaceae Medeola virginiana L. Indian Cucumber Herb Monocot Medicinal edible
Liliaceae Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. Smooth Solomon's Seal Herb Monocot Medicinal Edible
Liliaceae Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb. White Trillium Herb Monocot   Edible
Liliaceae Uvularia grandiflora Sm. Largeflower Bellwort Herb Monocot medicinal  
Liliaceae Uvularia perfoliata L. Perfoliate Bellwort Herb Monocot medicinal  
Liliaceae Uvularia sessilifolia L. Sessileleaf Bellwort Herb Monocot   Edible
Loganiaceae Spigelia marilandica (L.) L. Woodland pinkroot Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Melastomataceae Rhexia mariana L. Maryland meadow-beauty Herb Dicot   edible
Monotropaceae Monotropa uniflora L. Indian-pipe Herb Dicot medicinal  
Onagraceae Oenothera biennis L. King’s-cureall Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Orchidaceae Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Torr. Adam and Eve Herb Monocot   Edible
Orchidaceae Cypripedium acaule Ait. Pink Lady's Slipper Herb Monocot medicinal  
Orchidaceae Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. Downy Rattlesnkae Plantain Herb Monocot medicinal  
Orobanchaceae Epifagus virginiana (L.) W. Bart.   Herb Dicot medicinal  
Oxalidaceae Oxalis dillenii Jacq. Slender yellow wood sorrel Herb Dicot   edible
Oxalidaceae Oxalis stricta L.   Herb Dicot   Edible
Oxalidaceae Oxalis violacea L. Violet wood-sorrel Herb Dicot   Edible
Papaveraceae Sanguinaria canadensis L. Bloodroot Herb Dicot medicinal  
Papaveraceae Stylophorum diphyllum (Michx.) Nutt. Celandine poppy Herb Dicot   Edible
Passifloraceae Passiflora incarnata L. Purple passion-flower Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca americana L. American pokeweed Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata L. Elglish plantain Herb Dicot medicinal  
Plantaginaceae Plantago major L. Great plantain Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Plantaginaceae Plantago rugelii Dcne. Black-seed plantain Herb Dicot   Edible
Poaceae Andropogon gerardii Vitman Big Bluestem Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Poaceae Andropogon virginicus L. Broomsedge Bluestem Herb Monocot Medicinal   
Poaceae Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino Small Carpgrass Herb Monocot   Edible
Poaceae Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) Muhl. Giant Cane Herb Monocot   Edible
Poaceae Bromus racemosus L. Bald Brome Herb Monocot Medicinal  
Polygalaceae Polygala senega L. Seneca-snakeroot Herb Dicot medicinal  
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Moench Garden buckwheat Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Polygonaceae Polygonum pensylvanicum L.   Herb Dicot medicinal  
Polygonaceae Polygonum persicaria L. Lady's thumb Herb Dicot medicinal  
Polygonaceae Rumex acetosella L. Common sheep sorrel Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Polygonaceae Rumex crispus L. Curly dock Herb Dicot   Edible
Portulacaceae Claytonia virginica L. Virginia spring-beauty Herb Dicot   Edible
Primulaceae Lysimachia quadrifolia L. Whorled loosestrife Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Ranunculaceae Actaea pachypoda Ell. Doll's eye Herb Dicot medicinal  
Ranunculaceae Clematis virginiana L. Virgin's bower Herb Dicot medicinal  
Ranunculaceae Delphinium tricorne Michx. Dwarf larkspur Herb Dicot   Edible
Ranunculaceae Hydrastis canadensis L.   Herb Dicot medicinal  
Ranunculaceae Ranunculus bulbosus L. Bulbous buttercup Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Ranunculaceae Ranunculus sardous Crantz Hairy buttercup Herb Dicot   edible      
Ranunculaceae Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & Boivin Rue-anemone Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Rosaceae Agrimonia parviflora Ait.   Herb Dicot medicinal  
Rosaceae Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) Fern. Goat's beard Herb Dicot medicinal  
Rosaceae Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke Indian-straw-berry Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Rosaceae Fragaria virginiana Duchesne Wild strawberry Herb Dicot medicinal edible 
Rosaceae Potentilla canadensis L. Dwarf cinquefoil Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Rubiaceae Galium aparine L. Bedstraw Herb Dicot   Edible
Rubiaceae Houstonia caerulea L. Bluet Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Saururaceae Saururus cernuus L. Lizard's tail Herb Dicot medicinal  
Saxifragaceae Heuchera americana L.   Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Saxifragaceae Tiarella cordifolia L. Foamflower Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Scrophulariaceae Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf. fern-leaf foxglove Herb Dicot medicinal  
Scrophulariaceae Scrophularia marilandica L. Carpenter's square Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Scrophulariaceae Verbascum thapsus L. Common mullein Herb Dicot Medicinal  edible
Scrophulariaceae Veronica officinalis L. Common gypsyweed Herb Dicot medicinal edibel
Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Jimsonweed Herb Dicot medicinal edible
Solanaceae Physalis virginiana P. Mill. Virginia ground-cherry Herb Dicot   edible
Solanaceae Solanum carolinense L. Carolina horse-nettle Herb Dicot medicinal  
Typhaceae Typha latifolia L. Broadleaf Cattail Herb Monocot Medicinal Edible
Urticaceae Laportea canadensis (L.) Weddell Canadian woodnettle Herb Dicot   edible
Urticaceae Urtica dioica   Herb Dicot Medicinal Edible
Verbenaceae Phryma leptostachya L. American lopseed Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Violaceae Viola ×palmata L. (pro sp.) Early blue violet Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Violaceae Viola ×primulifolia L. (pro sp.)   Herb Dicot medicinal. ?.  
Violaceae Viola cucullata Ait.   Herb Dicot   Edible
Violaceae Viola striata Ait. Striped cream violet Herb Dicot Medicinal  
Anacardiaceae Rhus aromatica Ait. Fragrant Sumac Shrub Dicot medicinal; warning  
Anacardiaceae Rhus copallinum L. Winged Sumac Shrub Dicot medicinal edible
Anacardiaceae Rhus glabra L. Smooth Sumac Shrub Dicot   Edible
Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze Poison Sumac Shrub Dicot   toxic
Berberidaceae Berberis thunbergii DC. Japanese Barberry Shrub Dicot   Edible
Betulaceae Corylus americana Walt. American Hazelnut Shrub Dicot Medicinal edible
Calycanthaceae Calycanthus floridus L. var. floridus Eastern Sweetshrub Shrub Dicot Medicinal  
Caprifoliaceae Sambucus canadensis L. American Black Elderberry Shrub Dicot Medicinal Edible
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum acerifolium L. mapleleaf viburnum Shrub Dicot   Edible
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum dentatum L. Southern Arrowwood Shrub Dicot   Edible
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum nudum L. Possumhaw Shrub Dicot medicinal Edible
Celastraceae Euonymus americanus L. Strawberry Bush Shrub Dicot Medicinal  
Ericaceae Epigaea repens L. Trailing Arbutus Shrub Dicot Medicinal Edible
Ericaceae Kalmia latifolia L. Mountain Laurel Shrub Dicot highly toxic, possibly medicinal  
Ericaceae Vaccinium corymbosum L. Highbush Blueberry Shrub Dicot   edible 
Ericaceae Vaccinium elliottii Chapman Elliott's Blueberry Shrub Dicot   edible 
Ericaceae Vaccinium pallidum Ait. Lowbush Blueberry Shrub Dicot   Edible
Ericaceae Vaccinium stamineum L. Deerberry Shrub Dicot   Edible
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis virginiana L. witch hazel Shrub Dicot Medicinal  
Hydrangeaceae Hydrangea arborescens L. Wild hydrangea Shrub Dicot medicinal   
Lauraceae Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume Spicebush Shrub Dicot Medicinal Edible      
Pyrolaceae Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh Pipsissewa Shrub Dicot medicinal  
Ranunculaceae Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marsh. Yellowroot Shrub Dicot medicinal  
Rhamnaceae Ceanothus americanus L. New Jersey tea Shrub Dicot Medicinal  
Rosaceae Crataegus crus-galli L.   Shrub Dicot   Edible
Rosaceae Crataegus disperma Ashe   Shrub Dicot Medical Edible
Rosaceae Crataegus pruinosa (Wendl. f.) K. Koch   Shrub Dicot medicinal edible
Rosaceae Rosa carolina L. Carolina rose Shrub Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Rosa setigera Michx. Climbing rose Shrub Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Rubus allegheniensis Porter   Shrub Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Rubus argutus Link Sawtooth blackberry Shrub Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Rubus occidentalis L. Black raspberry Shrub Dicot medicinal edible
Rosaceae Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Wineberry Shrub Dicot medicinal edible
Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis L. common buttonbush Shrub Dicot Medicinal   
Rubiaceae Mitchella repens L. Partridge-berry; Squaw root Shrub Dicot Medicinal  edible
Rutaceae Ptelea trifoliata L. Common hoptree Shrub Dicot Medicinal  
Verbenaceae Callicarpa americana L. American beauty-berry Shrub Dicot Medicinal  
Viscaceae Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M.C. Johnston Mistletoe Shrub Dicot medicinal  
Aceraceae Acer negundo L. Boxelder Tree Dicot medicinal edible
Aceraceae Acer platanoides Norway Maple Tree Dicot   edible
Aceraceae Acer rubrum L. Red Maple Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Aceraceae Acer saccharinum L. Silver Maple Tree Dicot   Edible
Aceraceae Acer saccharum Marsh. Sugar Maple Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Annonaceae Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal Pawpaw Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Ait. American Holly Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Araliaceae Aralia spinosa L. Devil's Walikingstick Tree Dicot medicinal  
Betulaceae Ostrya virginiana (P. Mill.) K. Koch Hophornbeam Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Bignoniaceae Catalpa bignonioides Southern Catalpa Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum prunifolium L. Blackhaw Tree Dicot   edible
Caprifoliaceae Viburnum rufidulum Raf. Rusty Blackhaw Tree Dicot   edible
Cornaceae Cornus florida L. Flowering Dogwood Tree Dicot medicinal; warning  
Cupressaceae Juniperus virginiana L. Eastern Redcedar Tree Gymnosperm Medicinal Edible
Cupressaceae Thuju occidentalis Northern white-cedar Tree Gymnosperm medicinal  
Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana L. Common Persimmon Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Ericaceae Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC. Sourwood Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Ericaceae Vaccinium arboreum Marsh. Farkleberry Tree Dicot   Edible
Fabaceae Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Silktree Tree Dicot medicinal  
Fabaceae Cercis canadensis L. Eastern Redbud Tree Dicot medicinal edible
Fabaceae Gleditsia triacanthos L. Honeylocust Tree Dicot Medicinal Edible
Fabaceae Robinia pseudoacacia L. Black Locust Tree Dicot medicinal edible
Fagaceae Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh. American Chestnut Tree Dicot   Edible
Fagaceae Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. American Beech Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Fagaceae Quercus alba L. White Oak Tree Dicot medicinal edible
Fagaceae Quercus coccinea Muenchh. Scarlet Oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus falcata Michx. Southern red oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus imbricaria Shingle oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus marilandica (L.) Muenchh. Blackjack oak Tree Dicot   edible      
Fagaceae Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm. Chinkapin oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus pagoda Cherrybark oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus phellos L. Willow oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus prinus L. Chestnut oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus rubra L. Northern red oak Tree Dicot medicinal edible
Fagaceae Quercus stellata Wangenh. Post oak Tree Dicot   edible
Fagaceae Quercus velutina Lam. Black oak Tree Dicot   edible
Hamamelidaceae Liquidambar styraciflua L. Sweetgum Tree Dicot medicinal edible
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus flava Ait. Yellow buckeye Tree Dicot Medicinal   
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus hippocastanum European horsechestnut Tree Dicot Medicinal   
Hippocastanaceae Aesculus parvia Red buckeye Tree Dicot medicinal  
Juglandaceae Carya alba (L.) Nutt. ex Ell. Mockernut hickory Tree Dicot   Edible
Juglandaceae Carya glabra Pignut hickory Tree Dicot   Edible
Juglandaceae Carya ovata Shagbark hickory Tree Dicot   edible
Juglandaceae Carya pallida (Ashe) Engl. & Graebn. Oale hickory Tree Dicot   edible
Juglandaceae Juglans cinerea Butternut Tree Dicot Medicinal edible
Juglandaceae Juglans nigra L. Black walnut Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Lauraceae Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees Sassafras Tree Dicot Medicinal Edible 
Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera L. Yellow-poplar Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. Cucumber magnolia Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Magnoliaceae Magnolia grandiflora L. Southern magnolia Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Moraceae Maclura pomifera Osage orange Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Moraceae Morus alba L. White mulberry Tree Dicot Medicinal edible
Moraceae Morus rubra L. Red mulberry Tree Dicot Medicinal edible 
Oleaceae Chionanthus virginicus L. Fringe tree Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Oleaceae Fraxinus americana L. White ash Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Oleaceae Fraxinus pennsylvanicum Green ash Tree Dicot   Edible
Pinaceae Pinus echinata P. Mill. Shortleaf Pine Tree Gymnosperm Medicinal  
Pinaceae Pinus strobus L. Eastern White Pine Tree Gymnosperm Medicinal  
Pinaceae Pinus taeda L. Loblolly Pine Tree Gymnosperm   edible
Pinaceae Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr. Eastern Hemlock Tree Gymnosperm Medicinal  edible
Platanaceae Platanus occidentalis L. American sycamore Tree Dicot Medicinal Edible
Rhamnaceae Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray Carolina buckthorn Tree Dicot medicinal  
Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern. Downy serviceberry Tree Dicot medicinal Edible
Rosaceae Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik. Canadian serviceberry Tree Dicot medicinal Edible
Rosaceae Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx. Southern crab-apple Tree Dicot   Edible
Rosaceae Malus coronaria (L.) P. Mill.   Tree Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Malus pumila P. Mill.   Tree Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Prunus americana Marsh.   Tree Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Prunus mexicana S. Wats.   Tree Dicot   Edible 
Rosaceae Prunus serotina Ehrh. Black cherry Tree Dicot Medicinal Edible
Salicaceae Salix caroliniana Michx.   Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Salicaceae Salix nigra Marsh. Black willow Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Scrophulariaceae Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. Paulownia; Princess tree Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Simaroubaceae Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle Tree-of-Heaven Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Tiliaceae Tilia americana L. var. americana American basswood Tree Dicot Medicinal  Edible
Tiliaceae Tilia americana L. var. heterophylla (Vent.) Loud. White basswood Tree Dicot Medicinal         
Tiliaceae Tilia cordata European linden Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Ulmaceae Celtis occidentalis L. Hackberry Tree Dicot   edible
Ulmaceae Celtis tenuifolia Nutt.   Tree Dicot   edible
Ulmaceae Ulmus americana L. American elm Tree Dicot Medicinal  
Ulmaceae Ulmus rubra Muhl. Slippery elm Tree Dicot Medicinal edible
Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze Eastern Poison Ivy Vine Dicot Medicinal - leaves  
Bignoniaceae Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. ex Bureau Trumpet Creeper Vine Dicot   Edible
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera japonica Thunb. Japanese Honeysuckle Vine Dicot Medicinal  
Celastraceae Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Oriental Bittersweet Vine Dicot Medicinal  
Fabaceae Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S.Almeida Kudzu Vine Dicot Medicinal edible
Menispermaceae Menispermum canadense L. Moonseed Vine Dicot Medicinal edible
Rhamnaceae Berchemia scandens (Hill) K. Koch   Vine Dicot medicinal  
Rosaceae Rubus flagellaris Willd. Whiplash dewberry Vine Dicot   edible
Rosaceae Rubus hispidus L. Bristly dewberry Vine Dicot   edible
Smilacaceae Smilax bona-nox L. Saw Greenbrier Vine Monocot   edible
Smilacaceae Smilax glauca Walt. Cat Greenbrier Vine Monocot medicinal  
Smilacaceae Smilax rotundifolia L. Roundleaf Greenbrier Vine Monocot Medicinal Edible
Vitaceae Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. Virginia creeper Vine Dicot Medicinal Edible
Vitaceae Vitis aestivalis Michx. var. aestivalis Summer grape Vine Dicot medicinal edible
Vitaceae Vitis rotundifolia Michx. Muscadine grape Vine Dicot Medicinal Edible
Vitaceae Vitis vulpina L. Frost grape Vine Dicot Medicinal edible