America's Civil War
History 393
Tables
Professor John C. Willis
 
Distribution of Farms by Acreage, 1860 *
 
 
 
TOTAL FARMS
3-10 ACRES
10-19 ACRES 
20-49 ACRES
50-99 ACRES
100-499 ACRES
500-999 ACRES
1000+ ACRES
ALABAMA
50,064
1,409 (2.8%)
4,379 (8.7%)
16,049 (32.1%)
12,060 (24.1%)
13,455 (26.9%)
2,016 (4.0%)
    696 (1.4%)
ARKANSAS
33,190
1,823 (5.5%)
6,075 (18.3%)
13,728 (41.4%)
6,957 (21.0%)
4,231 (12.7%)
 307 (0.9%)
     69 (0.2%)
FLORIDA
6,396
430 (6.7%)
945 (14.8%)
2,139 (33.4%)
1,162 (18.2%)
1,432 (22.4%)
211  (3.3%)
     77 (1.2%)
GEORGIA
53,897
906 (1.7%)
2,803 (5.2%)
13,644 (25.3%)
14,129 (26.2%)
18,821 (34.9%)
2,692 (5.0%)
   902 (1.7%)
LOUISIANA
17,281
626 (3.6%)
2,222 (12.9%)
4,882 (28.3%)
3,064 (17.7%)
4,955 (28.7%)
1,161 (6.7%)
   371 (2.1%)
MISSISSIPPI
37,007
563 (1.5%)
2,516 (6.8%)
10,967 (29.6%)
9,204 (24.9%)
11,408 (30.8%)
1,868 (5.0%)
    481 (1.3%)
NORTH CAROLINA
67,002
2,050 (3.1%)
4,879 (7.3%)
20,882 (31.2%)
18,496 (27.6%)
19,220 (28.7%)
1,184 (1.8%)
    311 (0.5%)
SOUTH CAROLINA
28,456
352 (1.2%)
1,219 (4.3%)
6,695 (23.5%)
6,980 (24.5%)
11,369 (40.0%)
1,359 (4.8%)
   482 (1.7%)
TENNESSEE
77,741
1,687 (2.2%)
7,245 (9.3%)
22,998 (29.6%)
22,829 (29.4%)
21,903 (28.2%)
 921 (1.2%)
    158 (0.2%)
TEXAS
37,363
1,832 (4.9%)
6,156 (16.5%)
14,132 (37.8%)
7,857 (21.0%)
6,831 (18.3%)
 468 (1.3%)
     87 (0.2%)
VIRGINIA
86,468
2,351 (2.7%)
5,565 (6.4%)
19,584 (22.6%)
21,145 (24.5%)
34,300 (39.7%)
2,882 (3.3%)
    641 (0.7%)
TOTAL
494,865
14,029 (2.8%)
44,004 (8.9%)
145,700 (29.4%)
123,883 (25.0%)
147,925 (29.9%)
15,069 (3.0%)
4,275 (0.9%)
 
* Only farms of three acres or larger are presented in the table.  All percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth. 


SOURCE:  U.S. Census Office, Eighth Census [1860], Agriculture of the United States in 1860, Washington, D.C., 1864. 

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